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Definition of competitiveness for photovoltaics and development of measures to accompany PV to grid parity and beyond

Electricity Prices

As a first step to the evaluation of grid parity it is necessary to assess electricity prices. As such electricity prices (for retail and wholesale customers) have been analyzed in each of the targted countries.

adult chatroulette Assessment of electricity prices

An adequate segmentation was introduced in order to be able to link electricity prices to the grid parity methods considered later on. 

The prices were identified since 2001 when those were available (in some target countries, no detailed prices were available for some segments, especially for the wholesale electricity prices).

The segments were taken from Eurostat methodology:

  • Residential customers
  • Commercial customers
  • Industrial customers
  • Wholesale electricity prices (power market)

    • Average purchase prices,
    • Average peak prices (linked to PV specificity of producing mainly during peak hours)
    • Generation prices.

The following markets were assessed:

  • Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain, The Netherlands, UK

Please find hereafter the report for download:

world best porn video Electricity price scenarios until 2020

For the electricity price projections until 2020 and beyond alternative scenarios have been taken into account to define the future trends of electricity prices. The scenarios and their projections on the electricity prices taken into account are knoxville singles chat Energy Roadmap 2050 (2011) by EC,  aligncraft Competing in the Energy - On the road to competitiveness (2011) by EPIA, Solar generation VI (2011) by Greenpeace/EPIA and Technology Roadmap (2010) by IEA.

Please find hereafter the report for download:

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