Site Network: 


kik males Definition of competitiveness for photovoltaics and development of measures to accompany PV to grid parity and beyond

click here

Electricity Prices

see As a first step to the evaluation of grid parity it is necessary to assess electricity prices. As such electricity prices (for retail and wholesale customers) have been analyzed in each of the targted countries. Assessment of electricity prices

An adequate segmentation was introduced in order to be able to link electricity prices to the grid parity methods considered later on. 

The prices were identified since 2001 when those were available (in some target countries, no detailed prices were available for some segments, especially for the wholesale electricity prices).

The segments were taken from Eurostat methodology:

  • Residential customers
  • Commercial customers
  • Industrial customers
  • Wholesale electricity prices (power market)

    • Average purchase prices,
    • Average peak prices (linked to PV specificity of producing mainly during peak hours)
    • Generation prices.

The following markets were assessed:

  • Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain, The Netherlands, UK

Please find hereafter the report for download: Electricity price scenarios until 2020

For the electricity price projections until 2020 and beyond alternative scenarios have been taken into account to define the future trends of electricity prices. The scenarios and their projections on the electricity prices taken into account are Energy Roadmap 2050 (2011) by EC,  spycam toilette Competing in the Energy - On the road to competitiveness (2011) by EPIA, teen web chat Solar generation VI (2011) by Greenpeace/EPIA and Technology Roadmap (2010) by IEA.

Please find hereafter the report for download:

This is the query: SELECT header FROM tt_content WHERE pid=14 AND tt_content.deleted=0 AND tt_content.t3ver_state<=0 AND<>-1 AND tt_content.hidden=0 AND tt_content.starttime<=1524373320 AND (tt_content.endtime=0 OR tt_content.endtime>1524373320) AND (tt_content.fe_group='' OR tt_content.fe_group IS NULL OR tt_content.fe_group='0' OR FIND_IN_SET('0',tt_content.fe_group) OR FIND_IN_SET('-1',tt_content.fe_group)) ORDER BY sorting DESC

Electricity PricesErotiquemondePorno lienxsource/a>largeporntubeSourceWatch